Renovascular disease, also known as renal artery stenosis, involves a blockage or narrowing within the renal arteries or veins, which are the blood vessels that carry blood to and from the kidneys. The arteries are affected much more commonly than the veins. This condition occurs most often in older patients, although young women may also be at risk for a certain type of renovascular disease.
Patients with this condition may experience:
- Chest pain
- Confusion or anxiety
- Loss of appetite
- Weight loss
- Puffy eyes, hands or feet
- Nausea and vomiting
If left untreated, renovascular disease can lead to a heart attack, kidney damage, loss of vision or a stroke. It is important for patients to seek proper medical treatment for this condition in order to reduce the risk of complications. Treatment may include medications to dissolve blood clots, or a procedure such as balloon angioplasty or stenting to clear the blockage and restore normal blood flow. Patients can reduce their risk of developing this disease by managing conditions such as diabetes and high blood pressure.